Comedones (singular, comedo) are hair follicles clogged with oil and dead skin. It's often confused with acne, and it's similar, only a comedo isn't red and swollen i.e. not inflamed. These bumps aren't painful,they are just plain damn annoying.
Now there are close comedones and open comedones.
Open Comedone are what we know as, Blackheads. The air oxidizes the oil and darkens it, similar to what happens a fruit is cut and left exposed to air.
Closed comedone i.e. whiteheads happen when the pore opening is obstructed and the plug of oil and skin cells is not exposed to air. Instead it looks like flesh colored bumps.
Now, comedonal acne may give way to inflammatory acne if the sebum continues to build up behind the plug, but it isn't always the case.
How it happens:
- Hormonal imbalance
- Poor hygiene
- Poor diet
or just choice of wrong products.
What not to do:
- Scrubbing and endless washing is not going to treat it. Also, do not squeeze. You might damage neighboring follicle in the process, and that'll only increase the occurrence if it.
- Do not dry out your skin using lemon juice or ACV directly on face.
What to do:
- Look for mild and lightweight products, like water-based or gel-based moisturizers, foam cleansers. Avoid any over-drying cleanser.
- Products with Salicylic acid and Glycolic acid will help the condition, but be mindful of the percentage of it and frequency of usage. Witch hazel is another amazing ingredient for this purpose. Tea tree also helps in not let it aggravate to acne breakout.
- Be patient. With any product, give it 28 days to even start showing results, and up to 3 months to see noticeable improvement.